Rural planning and Risk Planning

Terraforma looks carefully to the local development problems, mainly to the sustainable development of Rural Land. Terraforma looks to contribute to sustainable solutions, developing a set of services directed to planning and protecting the Rural Areas. Examples of some of the instruments we develop: Studies on Rural Planning, such as Municipal Plans for Fire Protection (PMDFCI), as Intermunicipal Plans for Fire Protection (PIDFCI), Rural Intervention Plans (PIER), National Ecological Areas Reserve (REN), National Agricultural Areas Reserve (RAN), revision of maps and cartography on biodiversity, Rede Natura 2000 and Natural Values and risk mapping.

Making of all the content of the PMDFCI.

The forestry sector is a very important sector in Portugal. It value is not only economical, but also environmental and social. Several economical activities link directly and indirectly to this sector.

The Municipal Plans for Fire Protection are essential in planning and in protecting forestry areas at a municipal level. These plans are compulsory and are essential to access European funding on several forestry activities.

The Terraforma team includes several specialties, such as GIS software, Agriculture and Forestry. It is also important to connect this Municipal Plans for Fire Protection with other Planning instruments, such as the General Municipal Plans and natural protected areas.

Making all the content required for a PIER.

A PIER is a Rural Intervention Plans which is a Local Plan on Rural Space, which is applied to a specific area of the municipal land, which is classified as rural area. This Plan set more adequate objectives and planning rules for these rural areas, and it does so by detailing planning proposals set on other Municipal Plans. It includes policies and actions need to put on the ground the necessary rules of land use and transformation in rural areas.

PIER is a rural local plan which is more adequate for rural areas, than a normal Urban Design Detail Plan (Plano de Pormenor). The PIER can work on forestry, agriculture, leisure, extractive industries, small villages, and other relevant issues in rural areas.

Making the RAN proposal. The National Agricultural Areas Reserve (RAN) is a set of area which are the best soils for agricultural use. It is important to preserve the agricultural areas linking them the water cyclic, the carbon cycle and the landscape. The RAN rules have been essential to preserve the most important soils for agriculture.

The legislation on RAN has suffered several changes, being the latest one: Decreto-Lei n.º 73/2009, 31st March.

Terraforma analyses RAN areas on the territory, being constantly updated on the new rules applicable

The legal regulations on National Ecological Areas Reserve (Reserva Ecológica Nacional (REN)) have suffered several changes since its creation. The latest one, has published by the Decreto-Lei n.º 239/2012, 2nd November, which changed the Decreto-Lei n.º 166/2008, 22nd August. The new rules look to protect areas that create a structure which have high ecological value and sensitive or are exposed to natural risks, and need special protection.

National and regional guidelines were published in 2012 (Resolução do Conselho de Ministros n.º 81/2012, 3rd October, corrected by the Declaração de Retificação nº 71/2012, de 30th November.

The typology of REN areas are analysed based on the current legislation and based on several data which characterizes the geographical and other characteristics of the territory.

The new rules allow the REN to be more precise and scientifically accurate, both on the concepts and on the detail of the work.

Portugal has a long list of species and large areas with high natural value. Some of these areas area classified as Rede Natura 2000 areas.

Some work has been made in the last years, but more detailed work is still need in smaller areas. The transposition of the National Plans on these issues to a smaller and local scale is one of the services we provide. The management guidelines also need to be check on the field.

With a vast team of specialties, Terraforma does an experience field work on biodiversity and agro-forestry planning, following the latest and best practices, based on the current legislation.

Making of risk maps at regional, intermunicipal and municipal level, on several typologies in risk mapping.